|Element||Description||Required||Type||Min Value||Max Value|
|GlobalUniqueIdentifier||A Uniform Resource Name (URN) as a unique identifier for the specimen or observation record. In the absence of a persistent global unique identifier, construct one in the form: “[InstitutionCode]:[CollectionCode]: [CatalogNumber]” Examples: 1) urn:lsid:nhm.ku.edu:Herps:32 2) “FMNH:Mammal:145732”||yes||string|
|DateLastModified||The last date-time of publication when any of the data for the record were modified from the previous publication of that record. When publishing a record for the first time, use the publication date-time. Returns values as ISO 8601 date and time. (cf. http://www.w3.org/TR/xmlschema-2/#isoformats and http://www.iso.org/iso/en/prods-services/popstds/dateandtime.html Example: November 5, 1994, 8:15:30 am, US Eastern Standard Time” would be “1994-11-05T13:15:30Z”||yes||dateTime|
|BasisOfRecord|| A descriptive term indicating whether the record represents an object or observation. Examples:|
PreservedSpecimen- A physical object representing one or more organisms, part of organism, or artifact of an organism. synonyms: voucher, collection, lot.
FossilSpecimen- A physical object representing one or more fossil organisms, part of fossil organism, or artifact of a fossil organism.
LivingSpecimen- An organism removed from its natural occurrence and now living in captivity or cultivation.
HumanObservation- A report by a known observer that an organism was present at the place and time.
MachineObservation- A report by a monitoring device that an organism was present at the place and time.
StillImage- An photograph, drawing, painting.
MovingImage- A sequence of still images taken at regular intervals and intended to be played back as a moving image; may include sound.
SoundRecording- An audio recording.
OtherSpecimen- Any type of specimen not covered by any of the categories above.
|InstitutionCode||The code (or acronym) identifying the institution administering the collection in which the organism record is cataloged. No global registry exists for institutional codes; use the code that is "standard" at your institution or in your discipline.||yes||string|
|CollectionCode||The code (or acronym) identifying the collection within the institution in which the organism record is cataloged.||yes||string|
|CatalogNumber||The alphanumeric value identifying a record within the collection. It is highly recommended that each record be uniquely identified within a collection by this value. It is also recommended that each record be uniquely identified in a global context by the combination of InstitutionCode, CollectionCode and CatalogNumber.||yes||string|
|InformationWithheld||Brief descriptions of additional information that may exist, but that has not been made public. Information about obtaining the withheld information should be sought from the administrative contact identified in the provider resource metadata (curator, collection manager). Examples: "specific locality information given only to nearest county", "ask about tissue samples", "georeferences given only to nearest degree".||no||string|
|Remarks||Free text comments accompanying the object or observation record.||no||string|
|ScientificName||The full name of the lowest level taxon to which the organism has been identified in the most recent accepted determination, specified as precisely as possible, including name-author, year or authorship, sensu or sec. (according to or following) author, and indication of uncertainty. Conceptually equivalent to a full taxonomic identification as given by the identifier (verbatim). Does not include the identifier name or date of identification. Examples: "Coleoptera" (an Order), "Vespertilionidae" (a Family), "Manis" (a Genus), "Ctenomys sociabilis" (Genus + SpecificEpithet), "Ambystoma tigrinum diaboli" (Genus + SpecificEpithet + SubspecificEpithet), "Quercus agrifolia var. oxyadenia (Torr.) J.T. Howell" (Genus + SpecificEpithet + InfraspecificRank + InfraspecificEpithet + AuthorYearOfScientificName).||yes||string|
|HigherTaxon||The names of taxonomic ranks less specific than SpecificEpithet concatenated and separated. "LIKE" or "contains" substring query operations are meant to be used with this element to find matching higher taxon names. This element may contain the list of scientific names of all of the supra-specific taxa in the classification used to identify (determine) the specimen or observation. Example: "Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Theria, Eutheria, Rodentia, Hystricognatha, Hystricognathi, Ctenomyidae, Ctenomyini, Ctenomys".||no||string|
|Kingdom||The name of the kingdom in which the organism is classified.||no||string|
|Phylum||The name of the phylum (or division) in which the organism is classified.||no||string|
|Class||The name of the class in which the organism is classified.||no||string|
|Order||The name of the order in which the organism is classified.||no||string|
|Family||The name of the family in which the organism is classified.||no||string|
|Genus||The name of the genus in which the organism is classified.||no||string|
|SpecificEpithet||The specific epithet of the scientific name applied to the organism.||no||string|
|InfraspecificRank||The infraspecific rank (subspecies, variety, forma) of the InfraspecificEpithet. Examples: "subsp.", "var.", "forma".||no||string|
|InfraspecificEpithet||The infraspecific epithet of the scientific name applied to the organism.||no||string|
|AuthorYearOfScientificName||The author of the ScientificName and the year of publication, if known. More than one author can be listed in a concatenated string. Should be formatted with parentheses and year according to the conventions of the applicable NomenclaturalCode.||no||string|
|NomenclaturalCode||The nomenclatural code under which the ScientificName is constructed. Examples: "ICBN", "ICZN", "BC", "ICNCP", "BioCode"||no||string|
|IdentificationQualifer||A brief phrase or a standard term ("cf.", "aff.") to qualify the identification of the organism when doubts have arisen as to its taxonomic identity (determination). Examples: 1) For the determination "Quercus aff. agrifolia var. oxyadenia", IdentificationQualifier would be "aff. agrifolia var. oxyadenia" with accompanying values "Quercus" in Genus, "agrifolia" in SpecificEpithet, "oxyadenia" in InfraspecificEpithet, and "var." in InfraspecificRank. 2) For the determination "Quercus agrifolia cf. var. oxyadenia", IdentificationQualifier would be "cf. var. oxyadenia " with accompanying values "Quercus" in Genus, "agrifolia" in SpecificEpithet, "oxyadenia" in InfraspecificEpithet, and "var." in InfraspecificRank.||no||string|
|HigherGeography||The names (concatenated and separated) of geographic elements less specific than the information in the Locality element. "LIKE" or "contains" substring query operations are meant to be used with this element to find matching geographic names. This can be useful if it is unclear in which element a name might be found, and in cases where there is no other appropriate geographic element. Example: "South America, Argentina, Patagonia, Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi, Neuquén, Los Lagos" with accompanying values "South America" in Continent, "Argentina" in Country, "Neuquén" in StateProvince, and Los Lagos in County.||no||string|
|Continent||The full, unabbreviated name of the continent on which the organism was collected or observed.||no||string|
|WaterBody||The full, unabbreviated name of the body of water in or over which the organism was collected or observed.||no||string|
|IslandGroup||The full, unabbreviated name of the island group in which the organism was collected or observed.||no||string|
|Island||The full, unabbreviated name of the island on which the organism was collected or observed.||no||string|
|Country||The full, unabbreviated name of the country or major political unit in which the organism was collected or observed.||no||string|
|StateProvince||The full, unabbreviated name of the state, province, or region (i.e., the next smaller political region than Country) in which the organism was collected or observed.||no||string|
|County||The full, unabbreviated name of the county, shire, or municipality (i.e., the next smaller political region than StateProvince) in which the organism was collected or observed.||no||string|
|Locality||The specific natural language description of the place where the organism was collected or observed. This element need not contain less specific geographic information provided in other geographic elements (HigherGeography, Continent, Country, StateProvince, County, WaterBody, Island, IslandGroup). Though coordinate information can be contained in this concept, these data will be usable analytically only when shared through the concepts of the Geospatial Extension.||no||string|
|MinimumElevationInMeters||The minimum or actual elevation at which the collection or observation was made. Use negative values for locations below sea level. Examples: 75 (for an elevation of 100 +- 25 meters). 100 (for an elevation between 100m and 200m).||no||double|
|MaximumElevationInMeters||The maximum or actual elevation at which the collection or observation was made. Use negative values for locations below sea level. Examples: Examples: 125 (for an elevation of 100 +- 25 meters). 200 (for an elevation between 100m and 200m).||no||double|
|MinimumDepthInMeters||The minimum or actual depth at which the collection or observation was made. Use positive values for locations below the surface. Examples: 0 (for a depth of up to 10m). 50 (for a depth between 50m and 100m).||no||double|
|MaximumDepthInMeters||The maximum or actual depth at which the collection or observation was made. Use positive values for locations below the surface. Examples: 10 (for a depth of up to 10m). 100 (for a depth between 50m and 100m).||no||double|
|Collecting Event Elements|
|CollectingMethod||The name of, reference to, or brief description of the method or protocol under which the collecting event occurred. Examples: "UV light trap", "mist net", "bottom trawl".||no||string|
|ValidDistributionFlag||A flag ("true" or "false") that indicates whether the locality information represents a valid distribution occurrence for a specimen. Specimens taken from captivity and showing the captive location should use the value "false".||no||boolean|
|EarliestDateCollected||The earliest date-time (Common Era calendar) in a date-time period during which an organism or group of organisms was collected or observed. If the event is recorded as occurring at a single date-time, populate both EarliestDateCollected and LatestDateCollected with the same value.||no||DateTimeISO|
|LatestDateCollected||The latest date-time (Common Era calendar) in a date-time period during which an organism or group of organisms was collected or observed. If the event is recorded as occurring at a single date-time, populate both EarliestDateCollected and LatestDateCollected with the same value.||no||DateTimeISO|
|DayOfYear||The ordinal day of the year on which the object or observation was collected (1 for January 1, 365 for December 31, except in a leap year, in which case it is 366). If the EarliestDateCollected and LatestDateCollected do not occur on the same day, do not populate DayOfYear.||no||integer||1||366|
|Collector||The name(s) (concatenated and separated) of collectors or observers. "LIKE" or "contains" substring query operations are meant to be used with this element to find matching collector names. The primary collector or observer, especially one whose CollectorNumber is also provided, should be listed first. Example: "Oliver P. Pearson, Anita K. Pearson" where the value in CollectorNumber "OPP 7101" corresponds to the number for the specimen in the field catalog (collector number) of Oliver P. Pearson.||no||string|
|Sex||The sex of the biological individual represented by the cataloged object or observation. Examples: "male", "female", "hermaphrodite", "gynandromorph", "monoecious", "dioecious", "not recorded", "indeterminate", "transitional".||no||string|
|LifeStage||The age class or life stage of the biological individual represented by the catalogued object or observation. Examples: "adult", "mature", "juvenile", "eft", "nymph", "seedling", "seed", "egg"||no||string|
|Attributes||List of additional measurements or characteristics (concatenated and separated) for which there is no existing semantic element, but which the data provider nevertheless feels the desire to share. Examples: "Tragus length: 14mm; Weight: 120g", "Height: 1-1.5 meters tall; flowers yellow; uncommon".||no||string|
|ImageURL||A Universal Resource Locator reference to digital images associated with the specimen or observation.||no||anyURL|
|RelatedInformation||Free text references to information not delivered via the conceptual schema, including URLs to specimen details, publications, bibliographic references, etc.||no||string|